The shame and grief that a parent of FASD child is profound. It is important to remember to keep judgements out of the relationship with client/parents. After all, what is done cannot be fixed so we have to move forward focusing on strengths and future goals.
Family-Centered and Family-Focused approaches work best when working with families. This is the best way to make and maintain a positive working relationship. We can help advocate for the family and teach them how to be advocates themselves. Most of all we should build a trusting relationship with student and parents.
Communication is key to the success of helping a student learn and grow in the education environment. If a teacher isn't able to get a family to communicate then they must keep trying and with a positive non-judgmental approach. It is important to impart the belief in change, but that change takes time.